Do you feel safe?2.2 — Physical Computing
Ok, so what have we got here? Regarding CCTV surveillance and any other kinds of monitoring, most of the artists (people) are concerned about being watched and consider it as something bad. Yes, I cannot be aside this paranoid point of view because we actually have no idea on how all that data is being collected, who has access to it and how it could be used. People are afraid of unknown; it is nature. If you do not know what are you dealing with it could be dangerous, so to stay safe we tend to decrease an uncertainty level around us.
But let’s be honest with ourselves. When you walk home late night through that empty lane, would not you prefer to have some cameras there and police watching them? Well, I know we have no proof that someone is monitoring the place in this exact moment, but, on the other hand, a potential offender will think twice before committing a crime in front of a camera. Why not to check the reports on the effectiveness of the CCTV.
The review conducted by the College of Policing (2013) concludes that CCTV leads to small, but statistically significant, reduction in crime especially some particular types of crime. Another study, held by the Urban Institute at Washington D.C. (2011), says:
Overall, the cameras—when actively monitored—were effective at cutting down crime. And the savings and benefits of fewer crimes outweighed thecost of thesurveillancesystem. Police, policymakers, and others involved in criminal justice largely viewed the cameras as a useful tool for preventing crimes, aiding in arrests, and supporting investigations and prosecutions.
In conclusion, I could say, that surveillance has its own disadvantages and is not the ultimate tool of crime prevention, but it definitely gives us an additional layer of security.