Wondering about cinema, cinematic storytelling, creating an atmosphere and director’s work in general, the question that had arisen in my mind was where is the origin of creating an atmosphere in a movie takes place. And apparently, it starts in the screenwriter’s mind and he has to somehow transfer it onto the paper.

Writing a script is totally different from the book writing or so because, first of all, a film is about showing things, not telling them. For example, it is ok to narrate two-page inner dialog of the main character in the book, but it is a complete nightmare in script writing. That is why scriptwriter should think visually through the prism of technical possibilities of cinematography. And for sure, there should be a standardized way to put the essence of the story and atmosphere into the words of a screenplay.

Let’s start with the definition:

screenplay
ˈskriːnpleɪ
1. the script of a film, including acting instructions and scene directions.
Pretty straightforward, huh?
But I want to know how it looks like. Mario O. Moreno in his article describes it as:
a 90-120 page document written in Courier 12pt font on 8 1/2″ x 11″ bright white three-hole punched paper. Wondering why Courier font is used? It’s a timing issue. One formatted script page in Courier font equals roughly one minute of screen time. That’s why the average page count of a screenplay should come in between 90 and 120 pages.
There are a lot of formatting rules, which create a universal language between screenwriter and director. I definitely recommend to read that article: